Once upon a time in a land closer to us than you might believe, a hero was about to be born. Her name was Hero, though there was nothing exceptional about her – yet. On a winter morning, something about her had changed. She was looking outside the window and wishing she could be somewhere else, in a magical world far far away. Little did she know that her wish was about to come true.
She closed her eyes and imagined a world completely different from the place she felt stuck in. As she opened her eyes, she was no longer in her room. (1. ABSENTATION) She felt a warm breeze caressing her face. Everywhere she looked she saw sand. On the ground there were footprints leading over a dune. She decided to follow them.
As she walked up the dyne, a skyline of buildings drew across the sky. She was mesmerised by the beauty of the fairytale world.
In the city people seemed to be in a hurry. For a fairytale world, Hero thought the place seemed to lack any sense of happiness – or any emotion.
- Hero’s appearance differs from the people in the fairytale world, so the guard take her to the dictator
- The dictator tells the hero to go back where she came from. She tries to imagine her room, but she is unable to travel back. She is stuck in the fairytale world. The dictator tells Hero to not go to the mountain. (on top of the mountain there is a magical object that steals the people’s emotions) (2.INTERDICTION)
- Struggle to get to the mountain
- On top of the mountain there is a big battle in which she destroys the object. When she destroys the object a rift opens between the abyss and the fairytale world. She pushes the dictator in it just before the rift closes.
- She goes back to the city that has changed. The people reward her for her courage and asjfbalijsfhnakf. The people make her the necklace.
- She travels back home.
- Her to complete whatever her task is, she is able to travel back with a necklace that the fairytale people made her, with what she is able to travel back and forth between the fairytale world and the normal world. (reward)
A fairytale is a story involving fantastic forces and beings and distinct genre within the larger category of folktale. To explore the fairytale, there has a Folklorist who broke up fairy tales into sections. His name is Vladimir Propp (1895-1970). He was a Soviet folklorist and scholar who analyzed the basic plot components of Russian folk tales to identify their simplest irreducible narrative elements.
He publishes ‘Morphology of the Folktale’ in 1928. The word ‘morphology’ means the study of forms. In botany, the term ‘morphology’ means the study of the component parts of a plant, of their relationship to each other and to the whole – in other words, the study of a plant’s structure. The theory supports about characters and actions as having narrative functions. Every character has one of these functions which is understood as acts of character, defined from the point of view their significance for the course of the action. and they provide a structure for the text. Also this approach can be useful when analyzing narrative. In addition, analysis of folktales can be made ‘according to the functions of its character’
There have Prop’s Narrative Functions : Type of character and Function
- The Hero : Generally leads the narrative
– looking for something
– who has a quest
– trying to solve something what they want to succeed
- The Villain : Struggles against Hero
-Seen as morally bad
-Stops hero from achieving goal
-Audience turns against them
- The Donor : Gives hero agent(such as magical weapon or wisdom)
– Enable hero to complete quest
- The Helper : Supports hero
– appears at critical moments in the narrative
– they define hero with their limitations
- The Princess : May take two forms
– objects which os sought by the hero (finding where the villain has taken them)
– the reward
- The father : gives the hero his reward for completing the quest
- The Dispather : character who makes the lack known and sends the hero off
When an audience reads a media text it deploys its knowledge of these character types in order to decode the meaning of the text.
A tale usually begin with some sort of initial situation. The members of a family are enumerated, or the future hero is simply introduced by mention of his name or indication of his status. Although this situation is not a function, it nevertheless is an important morphological element. The species of tale beginnings can be examined only at the end of the present work. After the initial situation there follow functions:
- ONE OF THE MEMBERS OF A FAMILY ABSENTS HIMSELF FROM HOME.
- AN INTRERDIGTION IS ADDRESSED TO THE HERO.
- THE INTERDICTION IS VIOLATED.
- THE VILLAIN MAKE AN ATTEMPT AT RECONNAISSANCE.
- THE VILLAIN RECEIVES INFORMATION ABOUT HIS VICTIM.
- THE VILLAIN ATTEMPTS TO DECEIVE HIS VICTIM IN ORDER TO TAKE POSSESSION OF HIS BELONGINGS.
- THE VICTIM SUBMITS TO DECEPTION AND THEREBY UNWITTINGLY HELPS HIS ENEMY.
- THE VILLAIN CAUSES HARM OR INJURY TO A MEMBER OF A FAMILY. ONE MEMBER OF A FAMILY EITHER LACKS SOMETHING OR DESIRES TO HAVE SOMETHING.
- MISFORTUNE OR LACK IS MADE KNOWN; THE HERO IS APPROACHED WITH A REQUEST OR COMMAND; HE IS ALLOWED TO GO OR HE IS DISPATCHED.
- THE SEEKER AGREES TO OR DECIDES UPON COUNTERACTION.
- THE HERO LEAVES HOME.
- THE HERO IS TESTED, INTERROGATED, ATTACKED, ETC.,WHICH PREPARED THE WAY FOR HIS RECEIVING EITHER A MAGICAL AGENT OR HELPER.
- THE HERO REACTS TO THE ACTIONS OF THE FUTURE DONOR.
- THE HERO ACQUIRES THE USE OF A MAGICAL AGENT.
- THE HERO IS TRANSFERRED, DELIVERED, OR LED TO THE WHEREABOUTS OF AN OBJECT OF SEARCH.
- THE HERO AND THE VILLAIN JOIN IN DIRECT COMBAT.
- THE HERO IS BRANDED.
- THE VILLAIN IS DEFEATED.
- THE INITIAL MISFORTUNE OR LACK IS LIQUIDATED.
- THE HERO RETURNS.
- THE HERO IS PURSUED.
- RESCUE OF THE HERO FORM PURSUIT.
- THEH HERO, UNRECOGNIZED, ARRIVES HOME OR IN ANOTHER COUNTRY.
- A FALSE HERO PRESENTS UNFOUNDED CLAIMS.
- A DIFFICULT TASK IS PROPOSED TO THE HERO.
- THE TASK IS RESOLVED.
- THE HERO IS RECOGNIZED.
- THE FALSE HERO OR VILLAIN IS EXPOSED.
- THE HERO IS GIVEN A NEW APPEARANCE.
- THE VILLAIN IS PUNISHED.
- THE HERO IS MARRIED AND ASCENDS THE THRONE.
At this point the tale draws to a close. It should also be stated that there are several actions of tale hero in individual cases which do not conform to , nor are defined by, any of the functions already mentioned.They are either forms which cannot be understood without comparative material, or they are forms transferred from tales of other classes. According to his function, fairytale can be analyzed.
Propp, V. (1968). Morphology of the folktale. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Warner, M. (2014) ’Once Upon a Time’ A short history of the fairytale. Oxford: OUP
Wikipedia (2016) vladimir Propp (image) Available at : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vladimir_Propp (Accessed 08 Feb. 2016)
PAPERMAN-DIRECTED BY JOHN KAHRS(2012)
“Every morning on my way to work I would go through Grand Central Station and sometimes you’d meet eye to eye with people, just strangers, like a pretty girl or something, and you’d think is there a connection? You feel that connection for a split second and wonder who that person was. That’s the core idea of it – what if two people were really perfect for each other, and they had that chance meeting? And what if they were separated – how would those two people get back together again? And how could a little bit of magic and fate intervene to bring them back together?”
The short follows the story of a lonely young man in New York City, whose destiny takes an unexpected turn after a chance meeting with a beautiful woman on his morning commute. Convinced the girl of his dreams is gone forever, he gets a second chance when he spots her in a skyscraper window across the avenue from his office, and sets out to get her attention.
This short film has noticeable features. Firstly, the Black and White are main colour except the red kiss mark on the piece of paper. when the man and woman meet together bright lighting which is based on natural light of the sunshine. It can be call ‘High Key’. In contrast, there has several shade, small amount of light scene when they are apart or inside the building. That scenes show dull and dreary tone-‘Low Key’ lighting that has deep shadows. Secondly, sound. There is no dialogue in the short film what their voices may like or their names are. Instead of dialogue, the character’s action tell the story to audience. This kind of actions work more than dialogue to understand.
The last one is camera technique. In the film, a neutral view is only used at the beginning and ending scene. Except these scenes, there are many different angles shown to represent character’s hard journey for reach to her. The very long shot shows the distance between him and her. Also in between this distance the paper plane play important role to connect man and woman. That is the material to catch her attention and also connecting link. Representing this plane effectively, the camera is following from Worm’s eye view to Bird’s Eye view. End by reuniting the camera angle is back in neutral view. This film has simple story, colour and no dialogue. However this kinds of elements are giving great story telling by contributing as a cinematic codes.
Reference list :
Fxguide (2013) The inside story behind Disney’s Paperman Available at: https://www.fxguide.com/featured/the-inside-story-behind-disneys-paperman/ (Accessed: 04 February 2016).
Jessica Mallinson A2 Media Blog, (2013) Textual Analysis: Paperman. Available at: https://jessicamallinsona2.wordpress.com/2013/07/12/textual-analysis-paperman/ (Accessed: 04 February 2016)